Bronson Heating & Air Conditioning 
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As your heating and cooling system ages, it can lose its ability to cool or heat your home. If your current heat pump or air conditioner is more than 10 years old; or your furnace or boiler is more than 15 years old, it may be time to replace it with a more efficient system. Inadequate insulation or equipment installation may be the cause of temperature changes from room to room. Your new system can help keep you cool in the summer and warm in the winter while saving you money on energy bills. Let the professionals at Sears help you determine if your current system needs replacing. Replacing your current equipment with an ENERGY STAR® rated heating and cooling systems can help reduce high energy costs as much as 10-30%.

Efficient heating units can save money for consumers, and regular maintenance of your heating systems may not only save money but also prevent emergency situations from arising. It is a good idea to have your furnace checked annually in late summer during the off-peak season. In addition, gas furnaces need to be cleaned no less than every two years, and oil furnaces no less than every year. Bronson Heating & Air Conditioning offers regular cleaning maintenance programs, emergency (no heat/no air conditioning) responses and a wide range of energy efficient systems from which to chose.

Types of Systems:

1. Forced air heating. Forced air "ducted" systems use ducts and an air blower to circulate warm air. The blower pushes the air through the ducts to registers from which the warmth blows into the rooms. The cooled air is then pulled back to the furnace through return ducts. The furnace warms it once again, and the cycle is repeated. Forced air systems may be used in homes with or without basements. Since the warm air is circulated, central locations are more efficient. The furnace may be located in the basement, in a utility closet, in a crawl space, or in an attached garage. Supply registers are usually installed in the floor or wall in such a way as to prevent cold spots and maintain an even air distribution. An advantage of a forced air system is that a central air conditioning system can be connected to the furnace and the ducts, and if large enough, can be used to distribute cooled air.

2. Hot water/Steam/Hydronic heating (Boilers). In a hot water system, a boiler heats water and circulates it using either a one or two-pipe system, or a "series loop." Either system uses the pipe to supply radiators with hot water and return the cool water to the boiler. A circulator is used to pump the water through the pipes.

How Different Heating Units Work:

1. A gas unit consists of a burner through which gas is delivered and burned; a heat exchanger where the heat produced from the burning gas is transferred to the distribution system; and a vent pipe through which combustion waste is vented outside of the home.

2. An electric furnace has resistant wire strips that are heated by electricity. A fan blows through the strips and heats the air. The air is then distributed through ducts to the rooms. Since there are no fumes, the system does not require a flue or a chimney.

3. An electric heat pump extracts heat from the outside and delivers it to the inside (in the winter), and extracts heat from inside and pumps it outside (in summer). This is not recommended for the Northeastern U. S. climate.

4. An oil furnace is similar to a gas furnace in that it has a fan and a blower system to distribute the heat throughout the house. In an oil furnace, a power burner is used to mix oil with air. The mixture is then sprayed or "fogged" out of a nozzle where the fuel is ignited by electrodes. Air is then blown into the heat chamber, heated and then shunted outdoors through a vent pipe.

Water Heaters:
Traditional versus Tank-less

With a storage tank, you store 40-75 gallons of hot 140*F water 24 hours a day, 7 days a week though you only use hot water a couple times a day. The tank type heaters constantly lose heat through the flue and tank walls trying to maintain 140*F. The heater cycles on and off to maintain this temperature. This causes cracking of the exterior walls and sediment build up which will eventually cause your storage tank to leak. The storage tank is designed to wear out and be replaced in time. Also, the storage tank water heaters only have a limited amount of hot water and after that is gone you have to wait for the tank to get heated again. The benefit of the traditional storage tank is that they are much more affordable.

The tank-less water heater heats the water only when there is a demand for hot water. Opening a hot water faucet, ignites the powerful burners and the computer monitors the water temperature and adjusts the burners according to the need. High demand, high heat. Low demand, low heat. With no tank to run out you get an endless supply of hot water. No tank to heat means no standby heat loss. The tank-less water heater provides a continuous flow of hot water and will never run out, but the flow rate is limited to the temperature that you set. The downfall of the tank-less unit is that the initial cost is much greater than the traditional storage tank.

These are just some of the issues that we get asked about all the time. If you have any additional questions about your HVAC project or just want to talk Sabres hockey  -We would love to hear from you!

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